Mechanical Vibration (ME-7001)

Mechanical Vibration (ME-7001) RGPV notes CBGS


Introduction : Periodical motion, harmonic motion, the vector method of representing vibrations, displacement, velocity and acceleration in harmonic motion, work done in harmonic motion, superposition of simple harmonic motion, beat phenomenon, non harmonic periodic motions. Harmonic analysis
System having single degree of freedom, free vibration of systems without damping, Equilibrium and Energy Method for determining natural frequency. Reyleigh’s Method, Equivalent Systems (systems with compound springs, shafts of different diameter Equivalent length, effects of mass of spring and shaft).
Free vibration of systems with Viscous, Coulomb and Structural damping.
Equations of motion – Discussion of its solutions.
Electrical Analogies : Electric circuit principles, equivalent circuits

Forced vibrations of systems with and without damping (viscous and coulomb), Method of complex algebra, equivalent viscous damping, impressed force due to unbalance, inadmissibility, support motion, Vibration isolation, commercial isolators.

System with two-degree of freedom : Normal mode vibrations, Torsional systems, Coupled vibrations, General solution in terms of normal mode, vehicle suspension, Undamped dynamic vibration absorber, Centrifugal absorber, friction damper.
Whirling of shafts : Whirling of light flexible shaft with an unbalance disk at the centre of its length with and without damping, discussion of the speeds above and below the critical speed, uniform shaft with and without unbalanced masses attached along its length (by Rayleigh Method) for simply supported and fixed ends.

Multiple degree of freedom system, introduction, modelling of continuous system as multiple degree of freedom system, newton’s law to derive equation of motion, influence coefficients, equation of motion of undamped system in matrix form, Eigen value problems and solutions., Free vibration of undamped system, Forced vibration of undamped system and viscous damped system.

Vibration Measurement : Principle of frequency, amplitude, velocity and acceleration measuring instruments, frequency response plots, phase shift plots, analysis of vibration records.


List of Practicals

1. Determination of Natural Frequency of Spring Mass Lever System
2. Determination of Natural Frequency of Spring Mass Pulley System
3. Determination of Natural Frequency of Torsional Pendulum and value of damping factor
when system is damped.
4. Identification of Principal Modes of Vibration of a two DOF system and demonstration of beats phenomenon.
5. Demonstration of Principle of Dynamic Vibration Absorber.
6. Demonstration of Whirling phenomenon of shaft and determination of critical speed of shaft-disk system.
7. Determination of Natural Frequency of a Cantilever beam setup.
8. Determination of Natural Frequency of a Simply Supported beam setup.
9. Study of Accelerometer.
10. Study of FFT Analyser.


1. S.S. Rao , Mechanical Vibrations,
2. Meirovitch Leonard, Elements of Vibration Analysis, TMH
3. Thompson, W.T. , Theory of Vibration with Applications,

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